When Your Child Has a Volvulus

Front view of intestine twisted around itself (volvulus).

volvulus is when the bowel (intestine) twists in a way it’s not supposed to. The twist can cut off blood flow to part of the intestine. The part of the intestine not getting blood can die. This can cause serious digestive problems. A volvulus can even be fatal.

What causes a volvulus?

Volvulus often occurs in children with intestinal malrotation. This is a problem in which the intestine twists and turns the wrong way inside the belly (abdomen). A volvulus can also be caused by infection or blockage in the intestine. In some cases, a volvulus occurs for unknown reasons.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of a volvulus are often sudden and severe. They can include:

  • Severe abdominal pain (a baby may cry and not be soothed)

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Green bile in the vomit

  • Bloody stools

  • Inability to pass stool

  • Abdominal swelling

How is a volvulus treated?

A volvulus must be treated right away with emergency surgery. During surgery:

  • The intestine is carefully untwisted.

  • If a part of the intestine has died due to lack of blood flow, this must be removed. The healthy ends of the intestine are attached.

  • If a long length of intestine is removed, a small opening (stoma) may need to be made in your child’s abdomen. This gives a new way for waste to leave the body. If your child needs a stoma, the healthcare provider will tell you more.

What are the long-term concerns?

If a volvulus is found and treated, your child will likely do well. But you should watch for signs of volvulus in the future. If a long portion of intestine must be removed during surgery, your child may have lifelong digestive problems, such as short bowel syndrome. Talk to your child’s healthcare provider for more information about your child’s outcome.


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