Treating Hand Fractures

A fractured bone starts to heal on its own right away. But a treatment called reduction may help the fracture heal properly. Reduction is a process that repositions or “sets” the fracture. The goal is to get the fractured bone ends as close as possible to how they were before the injury. Your doctor will use one or more methods of reduction.

Image of cast and splints

Closed reduction

If you have a clean break with little soft tissue damage, closed reduction will probably be used. Before the procedure, you may be given a light anesthetic to numb the area and possibly relax your muscles. Then your doctor manually readjusts the position of the broken bone. A splint or a cast will be worn while you heal.

Image of bone

Open reduction

If you have an open fracture (bone sticking out through the skin), badly misaligned sections of bone, or severe tissue injury, open reduction is likely. A general anesthetic may be used during the surgery to let you sleep and relax your muscles. Your doctor then makes one or more incisions to realign the bone and repair soft tissues. Pins, screws, plates, or a combination may be used to hold the bone in place during healing.

The road to healing

Fractures take from 4 weeks to 4 months to heal depending on the bone and severity of injury. Keeping your hand raised can control swelling, throbbing, and pain. Your doctor may prescribe medicine that can help reduce pain. Don’t remove a splint or cast unless your doctor says you can. Call your doctor if your pain gets worse or if you notice any excess swelling or redness.



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