Tracheostomy Care


Closeup of neck with trach tube and two fingers under ties.

You need to take care of your trach tube, your stoma, and the skin around the stoma. You will be told by your health care team how to do this. The guidelines below may also help you.

Keeping the tracheostomy clean

To take care of your skin and prevent infection, you need to keep your tracheostomy clean. You will be shown how to do this. Clean the tracheostomy at least once a day. Clean more often, if you need to.

Keeping your trach ties clean

Trach ties fit around your neck to hold your tube in place. They will get dirty. Plastic ties can be wiped clean. Fabric ties need to be changed when they are dirty. You will be shown the best way to change your ties.

Keeping the trach tube clear

Medical alert bracelet.There is always some mucus in your airway. But mucus can build up and thicken. If this happens, your trach tube can become plugged. To keep the trach tube clear of mucus buildup, you may need to do one or more of the following:

  • Suction the mucus out of the airway. To do this, you use a special machine. You will be told how to suction and how often.

  • Moisten the air you breathe. Normally, the nose moistens air as it is breathed in. With a tracheostomy, you need another way to moisten the air. Ask your health care provider what method of moistening the air you should use.

You will be told ahead of time what to do if your tube becomes plugged. If you ever have trouble breathing, call 911 (emergency) right away.

When to call your healthcare provider

Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these problems:

  • Red, painful, or bleeding stoma

  • Swelling around the trach tube

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Yellow, smelly, bloody, or thick mucus

  • Vomiting that doesn’t go away


Contact Us for a Free
Consultation & Care Assessment

Let's Get Started

Contact Us for a Free Consultation
and Care Assessment

Greenwich, CT:


Westchester, NY:


235 Glenville Road 3rd Floor,
Greenwich, Connecticut 06831

Learning Center

Medication Library

Find medication information to help educate patients, families and caregivers.

Diseases & Conditions Library

Find detailed information on a wide range of health conditions, illnesses, and treatments.

Aging Wellness Center

Find helpful articles to make the most out of your golden years.

Resource Links

Find links to helpful aging resources around the internet


Find the latest information and announcements from Sterling Care.