Salmonella Infection (Salmonellosis)
Salmonella infection is also called salmonellosis. It’s an illness that affects your intestines caused by Salmonella bacteria. You can be infected from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk are more likely to carry this bacteria than other foods. However, vegetables may also be contaminated. Salmonella most often passes through food that hasn’t been cooked well enough, or that contacts raw meat or eggs. You can also be infected by contact with feces of infected animals, or by food that an infected food handler contaminates.
Common symptoms of Salmonella infection
Symptoms often appear
Diagnosing Salmonella infection
A healthcare provider takes a sample of your stool and checks for Salmonella. More than one stool sample may be needed.
Treating Salmonella infection
Most otherwise healthy people get better within
Call your healthcare provider if you have:
No improvement in symptoms after
Blood in your stool
Severe abdominal pain
Signs of dehydration (dry, sticky mouth; decreased urine output; very dark urine)
Preventing Salmonella infection
Follow these steps to reduce your chances of getting or passing on Salmonella infection:
Wash your hands well with soap and warm water. Do this often. Make sure to wash before preparing meals. Wash after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or handling pets or other animals. Teach your child to do the same.
Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F (74°C). Cook pork and ground meats to at least 160°F (71°C). Cook beef or lamb to at least 145°F (63°C). Cook eggs until the yolks are firm and are not still runny.
Wash or peel fresh fruits and vegetables before eating.
Wash cutting boards and utensils with hot water and soap after each use. After preparing raw meat or eggs, clean boards and counters with hot water and soap.