Having an Evoked Potential Test

Evoked potential tests measure the electrical activity in the brain as nerve pathways are stimulated.

Testing is done in a quiet room. The technologist will explain how your test or tests will be done.

For your safety and for the success of your test, tell the technologist:

  • If you are allergic to any medicines

  • What medicines you take

You may also be asked questions about your overall health.

Before your test

Prepare for your test as instructed. Don’t use lotion, oil, powder, or hairstyling products. Wear loose clothes. You may be asked to change into a hospital gown. Your testing may last from 30 minutes to 4 hours depending on how many tests you’re having. Be sure to allow extra time to check in.

Woman looking at a screen with checkerboard pattern as part of the visual evoked potential test.

Visual evoked potential (VEP)

You will sit a few feet from a screen. The technologist will attach small metal disks (electrodes) to your scalp. You will be asked to gaze at a dot at the center of the screen. With a patch over one eye, you will watch a checkerboard pattern reversing on the screen. This test will then be repeated with your other eye.

Man sitting with earphones on and eyes closed as part of the brainstem auditory evoked potential.

Brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP)

You will be seated for this test. The technologist will attach electrodes to your head and on or behind your ears with gel or paste. You will then wear headphones. You will hear clicking sounds or tones first in one ear, then in the other. You will also hear a constant noise through the headphones.

woman sitting back in a chair as part of the somatosensory evoked potential.

Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP)

You will lie back in a reclining chair or lie down on an exam table. Electrodes will be placed on parts of your body, such as your head, spine, arms, or legs. One test is of the arms, and one is of the legs. The technologist will apply mild electrical currents to the nerves in your wrists or ankles. You may feel your muscles twitch. But know that the test won’t harm you.

After your test

Before you leave, all electrodes will be removed. You can then return to your normal routine. If you took medication to help you relax for any test, arrange to have someone drive you home. Your doctor will let you know when your test results are ready.


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