Discharge Instructions for Bronchiectasis

You have been diagnosed with bronchiectasis. This occurs when your bronchial tubes become blocked with mucus. Your bronchial tubes are the tubes that move air from the windpipe to the lungs. When this happens, infection can occur. You are most likely to get bronchiectasis if you have cystic fibrosis or another lung disease. Smoking, breathing in foreign objects such as food, or lung infections that keep coming back can also cause it. Here’s what you can do to feel better.

Break the smoking habit

  • Enroll in a stop-smoking program to increase your chances of success.

  • Ask your doctor about medicines or other methods to help you quit.

  • Ask family members to quit smoking as well.

  • Don’t allow smoking in your home or around you.

Other home care

  • Learn percussion and postural drainage. Do it 2-3 times a day. Ask your healthcare provider for instructions.

  • Learn to do controlled breathing. Ask your healthcare provider for instructions.

  • Take your medicine exactly as directed. Don’t skip doses or take double doses.

  • Eat a balanced diet.

  • Unless told otherwise, drink at least 8 glasses of fluid every day to thin mucus and secretions.

  • Maintain a healthy weight. Get help to lose any extra pounds.

  • Get a flu shot every year. Ask your doctor about pneumonia vaccinations.

  • Avoid allergens, pollution, and dust.

  • Get immediate medical treatment for infections.

  • Consider installing a home air-conditioning system with a filter and humidity control.

Follow-up care

Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.


When to seek medical attention

Call 911 right away if you have:

  • Chest pain

  • Shortness of breath that doesn’t get better after taking medicine

Otherwise, call your healthcare provider right away if you have:

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Yellow, green, bloody, or smelly mucus

  • More than normal mucus production


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